北京快乐8

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脱贫后如何不返贫——对河北创新防贫机制的调查

2020年04月02日 06:49   来源:北京快乐8_北京快乐彩8---首页_欢迎您    经济日报·中国经济网记者 陈发明 宋美倩
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  tuopinbufanpin,caishizhenfupin。muqian,hebeishengyishixiansuoyoupinkunxianquanbu“zhaimao”,danshishouxinguanfeiyanyiqingyijiduofangmianyuanyinyingxiang,yixietuopinrenkourengcunzaifanpinfengxian。hebeishengzongheliyongjianceyujing、fangpinbaoxian、chanyefupindengshouduangonggutuopinchengguo,quebaoyifanpin、yizhipindezhongdianquntibuhuiyinyifanpin、yinbingfanpin、yinwufajiuyefanpin,quebaogexiangtuopingongzuoluodaoshichu。

  2019nian9yuefen,hebeishenglvxianchutaishishi《guanyujianlijianquantuopinfangpinzhangxiaojizhideyijian》,zaiquebaopinkunrenkougaozhiliangtuopindetongshi,duicunzaifanpinhezhipinfengxiandezhongdianqunti,jianchizhengfuzhudao、qunzhongzhuti、shehuicanyu、shichanghuayunzuoxiangjiehe,tongguoshehuibaozhangzhengceyufupinzhengcexiangxianjie,youzhenduixingdishishiduocengci、fuheshidebaozhangxingfangpincuoshi,shixian“shiqianyufang、shizhongjiuzhu、shihoubaozhang”,fangzhizhongdianquntichengweixindepinkunrenkou。

北京快乐8  muqian,hebeishengyishixiansuoyoupinkunxianquanbu“zhaimao”。danshiyouyuduofangmianyuanyin,jiazhixinguanfeiyanyiqingyingxiang,yixietuopinrenkourengcunzaifanpinfengxian,yixiechuyupinkunbianyuanderenkoucunzaizhipinfengxian。yinci,zaituopingongjianzhanshouguanzhinian,fangpinjizhifahuidezuoyonggewaizhongyao。

  图① 在河北省石家庄市灵寿县岔头镇杜家沟村一家扶贫手工“微工厂”车间内,工人正在加工毛巾。 梁子栋摄(中经视觉)

  急事急办

  以工代赈保障就业

北京快乐8  “meixiangdaozheimekuai,congruxuanfupinxiangmudaozijinruzhangjinyongle20tian,biquniansuoduanlesanfenzhierdeshijian。”hebeimeikeduoshipinjituangufenyouxiangongsidongshizhanghuxiaojianggaosujizhe,yinqiyeroujituzaijiagongxiangmubeinaruhebeizunhuashi2020niantuopingongjianxiangmuku,gaigongsisuohuode1830.5wanyuancaizhengzhuanxiangfupinzijinyicixingkuaisubofudaowei,weiqiyefazhantigonglezijinbaozhang。yuhuxiaojiangtongyanggaoxingdehaiyouzunhuashide1750mingpinkunhu,youyuzijintiqiandaozhang,beimeikeduoshipingongsibangfudepinkunhumenzaidangyuejiukeyilingqufupinbuzhu。

北京快乐8  weifangzhipinkunhuyinyiqingshiyefanpin,hebeichutailezhichipinkunlaodongliyouxianshanggang、youhuazijinbofu、jiyushengchanbutiedeng13xiangzhengcecuoshizhichidaipinyipinqiye、fupinxiangmudengkaigongfugongfuchan。tongshi,hebeishengyituojiandanglikapinkunlaodongliguanlixinxixitong,weimeigepinkunlaodonglijianlijiuyefupinquanchengbeijingkuaile8ka,jishizhangwojiuyexuqiu,zuzhipinkunlaodongliduotujingwugongjiuye。

北京快乐8  shijiazhuangshizanhuangxiantouru5100wanyuanfupinzijin,zhulipinkunrenkoutongguofupin“weigongchang”zaijiamenkoujiuye,yianpaipinkunrenyuan1236ren;lingshouxianbangzhuqiyexiediaojiejuefangyiwuzi、yuancailiaodengkunnan,7gefupinlongtouqiyequanbufuchan,bangzhu800yumingcunminzaibendijiuye。

北京快乐8  langfangshizaiquebaofangyianquanqiantixia,zainongcunzhongxiaoxingjichusheshibeijingkuaile8、nongcunweifanggaizaozhongshishiyigongdaizhen,zuzhijiandanglikapinkunrenkoucanyugongchengxiangmubeijingkuaile8,xiediaotuidongqiye、fupinchejiandengjingyingzhutihenongtianshuilijichusheshidengxiangmujizaofugongfuchan,tuijianfuhetiaojiandepinkunlaodongliyouxianshanggang。yiqingfangkongqijian,hebeiduodihaishelizhencunhuanweibaojie、fangyixiaosha、kadianzhishou、cewenyuandenglinshigangwei,xuanpinpinkunqunzhongshanggang,baozhangbunengjishifangangdepinkunqunzhonglinshixingjiuye。

  zaixingtaishilinchengxianyongtaifuzhuangyouxiangongsidechejianli,zuozaifengrenjiqianmanggebutingdepinkunhupangliyanlianshangyangyizhehuanle,shanggangqiantajieshouledangdizhengfuzuzhidemianfeijinengpeixun,muqianmeitiannengyoubaiyuyuandeshouru。yiqingqijian,weijiejuepinkunhujiuye,linchengxianshoujidao1wanyutiaoyonggonggangweizhaopinxinxi,tongguowangzhan、duanxin、weixindengduozhongfangshituisongjipinkunhu,yibaozhangtamenyougongzuogangweiheshourulaiyuan。

  图② 在河北青龙县扶贫龙头企业双合盛生态农产品有限公司加工车间内,工人正在生产线上忙碌。 崔 岭摄(中经视觉)

  事前预防

  监测机制及时预警

北京快乐8  jiazhongyehuaqituranbaoran,ganggangtuopindeqinhuangdaoshiqinglongxianboluotancuncunminzhengchunjiadefangwubeihui、benrenbeishaoshang。weinanzhiji,xianfangpinjiancejizhibangledamang。jingguoheshi,zhongguorenmincaichanbaoxiangufenyouxiangongsixiangzhengchunfafangjinanlinshijiuzhujin1wanyuan。

  weixiaochupinkuncunliang,kongzhipinkunzengliang,qinglongxianmeiniannachu250wanyuanyuzhongguorenbaocaixianhezuo,chuangshe“fangpinjiuzhujin”,bingduipinkunbianyuanjiatingrenjunnianchunshourudiyushangnianduguojiapinkunxian1.2beidefeipinkundishouruhuhejiatingrenjunnianchunshourudiyudangnianguojiatuopinxian1.3beidefeichixuwendingtuopinhurenqunjiancebangfu。

北京快乐8  jiezhi2019niandi,qinglongxianfeiwendingtuopinhu6724hu27039renquanbunaruyujingjiancefanwei,zhengchunyouyubeinaruyujingjiancefanweierdedaojiuzhu。2019nian,qinglongxiangongdui107hufeipinkundishouruhu、feichixuwendingtuopinhushishijiuzhu,fafangjingzhunfangpinjiuzhujin222.94wanyuan。

  weijiaqiangpinkunjiance,hebeishengjiangpinkunfashenglvzai7%yishangdepinkunxianhe20%yishangdepinkuncunquanbunarujiancefanwei,faxianwentijishiyujingjiupian。tongshi,hebeigedihaizhenghexiangguanbumenshuju,duiyifanpin、yizhipindezhongdianquntidongtaijiance。

  hengshuishiqiyongdefangpinjianceyujingxitongzeduifangpinduixiangkaizhanshishijianceyujing。hengshuishifupinbanyouguanfuzerenjieshao,gaixitongyishixian“shujugongxiang、jianceyujing,fenjiguanli、xietongjiuzhu,zhudongfaxian、jingzhunfangpin”weimude,jianceduixiangzhuyaoweifeichixuwendingtuopinhu、weituopinhu、feijiandanglikadefensangongyangtekunhu、dibaohuhefeipinkundishouruhu5lei。qian4leijianceduixiangyinbing、yinxue、yinzaidenggangxingzhichuchaoguo5000yuanjichufayujing,feipinkundishouruhuyinbing、yinxue、yinzaidenggangxingzhichuchaoguo1.5wanyuanjichufayujing,qieyujingxiangenjushehuijingjixingshijizhengcebiandongdiaozheng。

  genjuyujingtishixinxi,xiangguanbumenduifuhexiangyingjiuzhutiaojiandejiancehujishiqidongjiuzhuchengxu,jingzhunshishilinshijiuzhu、doudibaozhang、chanyefuchidengcuoshi,xiaochuzhipinfanpinyinhuan。jiezhimuqian,hengshuishigongjiancefeichixuwendingtuopinhu、feijiandanglikadibaohu、feijiandanglikadishourubianyuanhu、fensangongyangtekunhuheshengyupinkunhu5leirenyuan30084hu49167ren,fachuyujing173jian,gongwancheng63hu63ren58.17wanyuandejiuzhu。

  事中救助

  防贫保险雪中送炭

  2019nian,handanshiweixianliancaiqucundelianlanfengzaiwaiganhuoshizaoyuyiwaishanghaidaozhiyoutuijiezhi,rangzheigebenbufuyudewukouzhijiamianlinzhipinfengxian。buguo,zuoweifeipinkundishouruhu,lianlanfengbeinarulefangpinbaoxianjiuzhufanwei。

  “suiranmeitouguobao,danquenenglingdao5wanduoyuandefangpinbaoxianjin。”lianlanfengdeqizilibeibeishuo,zheibiqianbangtamenjiejuelenanti。

北京快乐8  2017nian10yue,weixianyutaipingyangbaoxiangongsidachengxieyi,zaiquanguoshouchuangtuichule“jingzhunfangpinbaoxian”。liangnianduolai,quanxiangongjiancexiangguanduixiang12828ren,narufangpinjiuzhu978ren,fafangjiuzhujin1194.20wanyuan,meiyouxinzeng1hufanpinzhipinjiating。2019nian10yue17ri,weixianronghuoquanguotuopingongjianjiangzuzhichuangxinjiang,chengweituopingongjiandedianfan。

北京快乐8  “tansuofangpingongzuozhichu,beijingkuaile8xiangchangshigoumaiyizhongbaoxian。danyuanlaidexianzhongdaduoshi‘baodaorentou’,jianyufanpinduixianghennanguding,baoxianzenmemaishigenanti。”weixianfupinbanzhurenchenruixuejieshao,jingguodiaoyan,weixianchuangzaoxingdishelile“jingzhunfangpinbaoxian”: youxiancaizhengnachu400wanyuanzuoweifangpinbaoxianjin,anmeirenmeinian50yuanbaofeibiaozhunweiquanxian10%zuoyoudenongcunrenkougoumaibaoxian,zhuyaofangzhiyinbing、yinxue、yinzaizhipinfanpin。

  cijubujinzuodaole“shaohuaqian、duobanshi”,yetuidonglebaoxianchuangxin,shixianxianzhongyou“dingrendingliang”dao“quntigongxiang”dezhuanbian。jujizhelejie,weixianmuqianyixingchengyitaowanzhengdejingzhunfangpinjizhi: zaibaozhangshouduanshang,chuangshexianjianjijin、baoxiangongsicanyugoumaibeijingkuaile8de“jingzhunfangpinbaoxian”;zaiduixiangquedingshang,huachujiancexian、baozhangxian“liangtiaojiexian”;zaibaozhangneirongshang,zhixiangyinbing、yinxue、yinzai“sandazhongdian”;zaiyunzhuanjizhishang,caiquxian、xiang、cunhebaoxiangongsi“sifangliandong”;zaizengqiangzaoxuegongnengshang,jiezhuchanyefuchi、jiuyeyindao、shehuijiuzhu“sanzhongtujing”。

北京快乐8  chenruixuebiaoshi,jinnian3yue,mianduixinguanfeiyanyiqingduijiuyedeyingxiang,weixianzaicichutaijingzhunfangpinbuchongfangan,youxiancaizhengbofu290wanyuancaizhengzijinzuoweibaofei,weiquanxiantedingchanyexiangmuheweixianjiwugongrenyuanliangleizhongdianduixiangtoubao,quebaoquanxianwuyili“yinjiuye”“yinchanye”zaochengshourujianshao、caichansunshierzhipinfanpin。

北京快乐8  muqian,hebeiduodiyiqidongyunxingfangpinbaoxian。tongshi,hebeihaishishilebaokuozhongdajibingshenghuobaozhang、jiaoyuzhuanxiangjiuzhu、minzhengbangfujiuzhu、chanyejiuyefuchi、shehuililiangfangpindengzaineideduoxiangbaozhangjizhi。duijiuzhuduixiangyouxiang(zhen)huocunjianli“yiduiyi”lianxibeijingkuaile8zhidu,dingqidaojiuzhuduixiangjiazhonglejieqingkuang,gaohaobeijingkuaile8,jiancejiuzhujincheng。

  事后保障

  产业扶贫稳定增收

  “jikeyidaochejiandagong,yenengbazhenxianhuodaihuijiawancheng。gongzianjianjiesuan,dagongzhuanqian、zhaoguhaiziliangbuwu。”tanqijiamenkoudefupinchejian,jinnian64suidexingtaishirenxiandabeidongcunpinkunhusongjuntianbuzhuchengzan。

北京快乐8  2019nian,renxiancaiqu“qiye+fupinchejian+pinkunhu”demoshi,tongguofazhan“kangtoujingji”“zhijianjingji”,xinapinkunhutongguoshougonglaozuohuodeshouru,tuokuanpinkunhujiuyezengshouzhifuqudao。

北京快乐8  renxianxianweishujilihailinshuo,zaishishizhongdajibingshenghuobaozhang、jiaoyuzhuanxiangjiuzhu、minzhengbangfujiuzhu、fangpinbaoxiandengjichushang,renxianweipinkunqunzhongdajianqijiuyechuangyepingtai,rangtudibian“gongchang”,rangpinkunqunzhong、nongcunliushoufunvzaijiamenkoubiancheng“chanyegongren”,bangzhupinkunqunzhongtuopinzhaimao。

  zoujinchengdeshikuanchengxiandonghuanghuachuanxiangxiwugoucuncunminwangguiqinjia,tazhengshuliandibianzhitengyi。“yigetengyinengzheng2yuan,beijingkuaile8yitiannengbiansansishige。”wangguiqinnazheganggangbianhaodetengyixiaozheshuo,“buyongfachouyuanliaohexiaolu,pingshijialideshiqingyebudanwu,meiyuehainengyou2000duoyuanshouru。”zaixiwugoucun,xiangwangguiqinzheiyangzuotengyibianzhideyou60ren。

  2018nian,chengdeshifengningxianchuangxinle“feiyi+fupin”moshi,zaiquanxian5gexiangzhen8gecunjianli“feiyifupinjiuyegongfang”8chu,pinqingfengningmanzujianzhidaibiaochuanchengrenmeizhoukaizhanyicifudaopeixun。jiezhimuqian,leijizuzhifeiyipeixun200yuci,peixunxueyuan6wanduorenci,qizhongjiandanglikapinkunrenkouzhanbi30%。

北京快乐8  chulebiandikaihuadefupin“weigongchang”“fupinchejian”“tuopindayuan”wai,hebeigedihaitansuochuchanyefupinjidi、ruguqiyefenhong、nongyechuangxinyizhandengduozhongchanyefupinmoshi,zengjiapinkunhudejingyingxingshouru、gongzixingshouruhecaichanxingshouru。

  zailuanzhoushiciyutuozhenxinxiwangzhongzhihezuoshedefupindapengli,pengtatuocundepinkunhuzhangxiaohongzhengzaimangzhecaizhai。zi2018niankaishi,tajiudaolexinxiwangzhongzhihezuoshewugong,meiyuechule2000duoyuandegongzishouruwai,hainengdedaoweituobangfudechanyefupinzijin200duoyuan。2019nian10yue,zhangxiaohongyijiashunlituopin。

  zaihebeigedi,haiyoubushaopinkunhuxiangzhangxiaohongyiyangtongguotudiliuzhuan、zijinrugu、jidijiuyedengduozhongxingshicanyudaohezuosheyunyingzhonglai,“tudiliuzhuandezujin、gufenhezuozhuangujin、wugongjiuyezhengxinjin、chanyefupinfenhongjin”dezhangxiaoshourumoshi,fangzhitamentuopinzhihouzaifanpin。

  jinnian,hebeishengjianglizhengmeigepinkunxianpeiyuchu1dao3getesexianming、youshijiju、chanyeronghe、daipinnengliqiangdefupinzhudaochanye,xingchengyixianyite、yixiangyiye、yicun(duocun)yipindechanyebuju。(jingjiribao·zhongguojingjiwangjizhe chenfaming songmeiqian)

(zerenbianji: fenghu)

脱贫后如何不返贫——对河北创新防贫机制的调查

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