北京快乐8

汶川大地震十年,非遗保护的羌族经验

2018年05月11日 14:41    来源:北京快乐8_北京快乐彩8---首页_欢迎您     □ 林继富 文/图
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  羌族羊皮鼓舞。

  羌族绣娘切磋制作技艺。

  羌笛培训。

北京快乐8  2008nian5yue12rifashengdewenchuandadizhen,duiqiangzufeiwuzhiwenhuayichanzaochenglejidapohuai: xuduoqiangzufeiyichuangzuoyuchuanchengzhutiliushi,qiangzufeiyimianlinchuanchengrenduancengyushengcunturangsongsan、jibiandeweixie;qiangzufeiyilaiyichuanchengfazhandeshengtaihuanjing、renwenhuanjingzaodaopohuai,feiyichuanchengjiaohaodeqiangzucunzhai、shequ、zhanshiguan、chuanxisuodeng,junzaidizhenzhongsunhuiyanzhong,qiangzufeiyiyijiqiangwenhuasuoyifudeshengtailianzaoyudaoqiansuoweiyoudeweiji。

  weilezaizhongjianjiayuanzhongbaohuqiangzufeiyi,2008nian11yue,wenhuabupizhunshelileguojiajiqiangzuwenhuashengtaibaohushiyanqu。yinci,qiangzufeiyibaohude10nianjiushiqiangzuwenhuashengtaibaohushiyanqubeijingkuaile8de10nian。

  zhongshiwenhuajiyi,zhongjianjingshenjiayuan

北京快乐8  “5·12”wenchuandadizhenhou,qiangzuwenhuashengtaibaohushiyanquneikaizhanledaguimowenwuhefeiyiziyuanpucha。gejizhengfuzuzhirenyuanquanmianshoujiqiangzudiqushousundefeiyiwenxian、yinpin、shipindengziliaojixiangguanshiwu,yiciqiangjiuqiangzudelishihewenhua,qiangjiuqiangzuxianzudeshenghuojiyi。

北京快乐8  dangdizhengfuxianhouqidongbeijingkuaile8lebaohuqunei178gewenhuashengtaizaihouhuifuzhongjianxiangmu,maoxianguqiangcheng、maoxianfeiyizhanshizhongxin、beichuanminsubowuguandengyipijuyounongyuqiangzutesedejichusheshijianzhubadierqi;lixiantaopingqiangzhai、maoxianheihuqiangzhai、beichuanjinaqiangzhaidengyidapiqiangzhaixiuqiyixin,huanfachuxindeguangcai。

  baohuqubujinjiangyindizhensunhuide、qiangzuteyoudexianhuowenhuaxingtaiqiangjiu、baohuqilai,hairangzaiqudeqiangzuqunzhongnenggouzhongshiwenhuajiyi、zhongjianjingshenjiayuan。

北京快乐8  zaizhongjianguochengzhong,sichuanabazangzuqiangzuzizhizhouhemianyangshijiangminzuwenhuayuansurongrudaochengzhenbeijingkuaile8guihuazhong,tuchuqiangzuwenhuafengmao,tigaochengzhenshenmeijiazhi。liangdibeijingkuaile8lewenchuanshuimoguzhen、yingxiuzhen,beichuanbanaqiashangyejiedengtesenongyudewenhualvyouxiangzhen,tishenglezhimingduhezibeijingkuaile8fazhannengli。beichuanxinxianchengbeijingkuaile8chongfenxinaleqiangzuchuantongjuzhuyuansu,guangchang、malu、caopingchengweiqiangzurenxindeshenghuohuanjing,yuqiangzurenqinjinziran、reaizirandetianxingxiangyizhi。qiangzuchuantongnongcunjianjudiyuxingheminzuxingdewenhuakongjianzaixindechengzhenbeijingkuaile8zhongdedaochongfentixian。

  zaibaohuqunei,bushaodifangjianyouduogefeiyichuancheng、zhanshizhongxin。zheixiezhongxinshidifangtesewenhuadedahuiju,yeshizhanshizaihouzhongjianchengguodexinchuangkou。liru,wenchuanxianjianyouqiangnianchuanxisuo、qiangzudiaolouyingzaojiyichuanxisuo、qiangxiuchuanxisuodengruogangechuanchengdian;lixianjianyouqiangnianchuanxisuo、bobasengenchuanxisuo;maoxianjianyoufeiyichuanxizhongxin、qiangdiyanzoujizhizuojiyichuanxisuo、qiangzudiaolouyingzaojiyichuanxisuo、waerezujiechuanxisuo、qiangnianchuanxisuodeng;songpanxianjianleqiangzuduoshengbumingechuanxisuo;heishuixianjianyoukasidawenchuanxisuo、aermaiduoshengbuchuanxisuo、quandedi(errenwu)chuanxisuo;beichuanjianyouqiangnian、kouxian、shuimoqiyi、guqiangchayichuanxisuo;pingwuxianjianyoucixiugongyichuanxijidi、jianzhichuanxisuodeng。zheixiedaiyounonghoujiayuanyishidexingwei,fengfuleqiangzuminzhongdejingshenshenghuo,fahuilefeiyishouhujingshenjiayuan、chuanchengyouxiuwenhuadegongneng。

  jiayuanzhongjianguocheng,jiushifeiyibaohudeguocheng

北京快乐8  “5·12”wenchuandadizhenhou,daliangqiangzuminzhongcongxiangcunjinruchengshi,huoconglaochengjinruxincheng。zaizheiyiguochengzhong,tamenzaichuantongxinyang、renjiguanxijichushangjianliqilaidewenhuahuodongyaojinxingshiyingxinggaibian,tamendechuantongwenhuaxuyaoyuxindehuanjing、xindeshenghuoxiangshiying。

北京快乐8  zaizhongjianguochengzhong,renmenyishidao,zhongjianjiayuankongjianbujinyaoxiandaihua,gengyaofuyushehuiyuwenhuayiyi,jianlibaohanchuantongjingshenhewenhuashenghuodejuyoushengmingyiyide“jia”。yushi,dangdizailizuyujiayuanzhishang,xingchengle“yirenweiben”deqiangzufeiyibaohuxitong。

北京快乐8  weilegenghaodizhongjianheyingzaorenyurenzhijiandehexieguanxi,xinbeichuanjianhaozhihou,zhengfucaiqulezhengtixingqianjuzhengce。xinbeichuanxianchengdejuzhuzhutishilaobeichuanxianchengjumin,tamencengjingshilaolinju、laopengyou、laotongshi。jibianshixianqianburenshideren,yinweidizhenzainan,tamenzhijianyeduolefuchi、lijiehebangzhu。zheizhongguanxidehuifu,gengyouliyubaoliu、chuanchengzuxianheqianbeichuangzaodechuantongwenhuaxuemai,liuzhuzuxiandeshenghuojiyi。

  zaihou,beichuanxinxianchenggoujianleduoyuanfeiyichuanchengqudaohebaohukongjian,jiangfeiyichuanchengyugonggongwenhuabeijingkuaile8tixibeijingkuaile8youjijiehe,xingchengqiangzufeiyibaohuhechuanchengfazhantixi,weiqiangzufeiyitigongleduofangwei、duocengci、duoqudaodebaohuhechuanchengkongjian。

  yinbaohuqufanweijiaoguang,suoyifeiyichuanchengbingbujunheng。youxiediqufeiyixiangmumijiyixie,zaibaohudeshihou,zheixiediqujiuchengweibaohuqudezhongzhongzhizhong。biru,beichuanyiqingpianxiangweizhongxin,zaiqingpianheliuyu、baicaoheliuyu10duogexiangzhen,yiminsuwenhuaweizhuti,beijingkuaile8qiangzushengtaifengqingzoulang。zheileizhongdianbeijingkuaile8quyuhaibaokuomaoxian、yulixiang、suojiangxiang、longanzhen、baimaxiangdengdi。

北京快乐8  zaijiayuanzhongjianguochengzhong,feiyiqiangjiubaohuhechuanchengfazhan,baohanlezaizunzhongchuantong、jichengchuantongjichushangdexuanzehechuangxin。xiandaishengchanfangshijichuantongqiangzucixiudailaitiaozhan,chuantongqiangxiu“yixuejian,erxuecai,sanxuetiaohuaxiubuxie”dezhizuofangshizhujianyuanqu。chuantongqiangxiuchangyishenhuachuanshuogushihejixiangtuanweiticai,biaodaqiangzuminzhongduipingan、hexie、xingfushenghuodexiangwang,ruqiangxiutuanzhongdejixiangruyi(jijiji,yangjixiang)、jinyumantang(yujiyu)、sanyangkaitai、tuanhuasijin,“yunyunxie”shangpiaofeidewucaixiangyundeng。zaihou,qiangxiuticaiyousuokuoda,wenhuabiaodagengweifengfu,zheishiqiangzuminzhongzaidangdaishenghuojichushangdewenhuaxuanze。

  qiangzufeiyizaibutongchanghe、butongshijiandezhanshihuodong,jidadifengfuleminzhongdeshenghuo。gediyimeinian“qianglixinnian”“wenhuayichanri”dengzhongyaojieriweiqiji,jingxinzuzhikaizhanwaerezujie、liuyuechuliuminjianjisidayudanchen、qiujizhuanshanhui、guqiangwenhuajiedengzhutixingfeiyihuodong。jutongji,zibaohuquchengliyilai,geleifeiyihuodongyijubanshuqianchang,canyurenshudajishiwanrenci。zheixieqiangzutesedejieqingminsuhuodong,weifeiyichuanchengtigonglekongjianzaiti,rangfeiyizairichangshenghuozhongzhongxinhuanfashengji。

北京快乐8  zuoweiqiangwenhuaqiangjiu、baohu、chuancheng、fazhandeyigejingdiananli,qiangzuqingjinggewuju《yuqiangbuluo》shiyigejihelezhongduoqiangzufeiyidexiangmu。tabaokuoqiangnianjisiyishi、yangpiguwu、kaijiawu、shalang、duoshengbuminge、qiangdi、kouxian、qiangxiudeng,yisijigengtiweishijianxian,jiangqiangzurenmindeshengchanlaozuochangmianheminsuhuodong,rubaishiji、chengrenli、hunli、minsutiyuyundongtuigandengbanshangwutai,yongyin、shi、wu、huazhanxianchuqiangzuyoujiucanlandewenhua。

北京快乐8  shengchanxingbaohufeiyituidongqiangzudifangjingjifazhan

  qiangzuwenhuashengtaibaohushiyanqubeijingkuaile8zhong,shengchanxingbaohuxiangmuzuirongyiyinqiminzhong、zhengfuheqiyejiadezhongshi。qiangxiu、guqiangchayi、caobianzhizuojiyidengxiangmushoudaorenmenzhuipeng。

  weizuohaobaohugongzuo,baohuquneizhengfujubanleduoqi“sichuanzangqiangdiquchuantongjianzhuweixiubaohujishuchuantonggongjiangpeixunban”,youxiaotishengleyipijuyouchuantongjiyihewenhuayichanbaohuliniandechuanchengrendejineng。abazhouchenglileabazhoufunvqiangxiujiuyebangfuzhongxin、abazhouzangzubianzhitiaohuacixiuxiehui,tuidongcujinyiqiangxiuweidaibiaodeqiangzuwenhuadebaohuyufazhan。zheixiezhongxin、xiehuicaiqu“qiye+hezuoshe+nonghu”defangshi,daidongle3000yumingshouzaishididefunvjujialinghuojiuye,zengshouzhifu。

北京快乐8  wenhuayulvyouyexiangjiehe,chanshengdejingjixiaoyibukeguliang,erbaohuquneifeiyichuanchengrendecanyu,yeweidangdidewenhualvyouzengtianlexuduoliangse。

  abazhoumaoxianguqiangchengguqiangwenhuahuotaizhanshijidi、beichuanbanaqiaqiangzufengqingyitiaojiedengfeiyizhanshiyuanqu,jiqiangxiuwenhuazhanshi、zhanyan、jiyitiyanhuodongyijiqiangxiuchanpinshengchanxiaoshouyuyiti。chuanchengrenzaikaifaqiangzuwenhuabiaoxianxingshi、feiyichanpindeguochengzhong,duifeiyichuantongxingdebaoliuyuanchaoguoqitabiaoyanrenyuan。

  jinnianlai,pingwuxianxiujianleqiangxiuwenhualvyouchanyeyuan,zuoweiqiangxiufeiyibaohuhechuanchengyanfajidi,peixunqiangxiuchuanchengren500yuming,ranghaineiwaiyoukechongfenganshouhetiyandaoqiangzuwenhuadedutemeili。chanyeyuandexiujian,zengjialeqiangzuchuanchengrenhedangdilaobaixingdeshouru,shixianleqiangzuwenhuabaohuyulvyouyefazhandeliangxinghudong,cujinlebaohuqujingjishehuixiediaofazhan。

  xiangguandifangzhengfuyejijizhichifeiyichuanchengrenyigerenhuojiazudexingshichenglisiyingqiye,congshizhuruqiangzuqiyi、chayi、qiangxiu、zajiudengxiangguanwenhuachanye。

北京快乐8  liru,beichuancaobianxiangmuchuanchengrenbujinzaidangdiyiwujiaoshou200duoweicanjirenhejinqianmingliushoufunvxuexicaobianjishu,bingzaigexiangzhenjianlile17gechuanchengpeixunheshengchanhuishoujidi,jiejuele1000mingrenyuandejiuyewenti。

  10nianguoqu,dizhendaijirenmendecantongjiyirengweitunqu,danzheipiantudishangderenmen,yijingzaidangheguojia、quanguogezuxiongditongbaodezhichixia,wanqiangdizhanqilai。tamenzaifeixuzhishangzhongjianlezhanxindejiayuan,bingyuquanguorenminyidaoxiangzhegengjiameihaodemingtianmaijin。

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(zerenbianji: linxiumin )

汶川大地震十年,非遗保护的羌族经验

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